Foundation Double Crochet (FDC)

Subscribe to the Free Weekly Newsletter

A while back I did a video tutorial for Foundation Single Crochet (FSC), which shared my method for making that stitch. Now to complete the job, I’ve made one for Foundation Double Crochet, usually abbreviated as FDC!

Video Tutorial: How to Crochet the Foundation Double Crochet Stitch

Written Instructions for Foundation Double Crochet:

The First FDC Stitch: Ch 3. Yo and insert hook into the chain furthest from the hook, yo, and pull up a loop. Yo and pull through the first loop on the hook. This acts as the starting ch for this stitch. Yo and pull through two loops, yo and pull through the last two loops on the hoop, as when making a dc stitch. This completes the first FDC.

Subsequent FDC Stitches: Yo and insert hook into the V at the bottom of the previous stitch. Yo and pull up a loop, then yo and pull through the first loop on the hook. Yo and pull through two loops, yo and pull through the last two loops on the hoop, as when making a dc stitch.

This stitch is great for all the same reasons that FSC is great:

  1. No counting tiny chains to make sure you have the right number – just count your nice big stitches!
  2. When you are starting a new project and don’t have an exact stitch count, you can work to the width you want without having to frog a bunch of stitches to get the right ch count.
  3. No working into the chain stitches, except for that very first stitch! No picking and poking, and no twisting the chain either.
  4. This is also a great alternative for those who have trouble with making their chains too tight or too loose.  Once you’ve got the hang of it, these “chains” are always at your usual stitch gauge.
  5. It creates a far stretchier edge than a chained edge, which is very desirable for garments in particular. And it looks really great, very polished.
  6. Lastly, since it counts as the chain row AND the first row of dc, it’s a time saver, getting you to the fun part faster! Once you’ve finished a row of Foundation Double Crochet Stitches, you just go on to the second row of your project as written.

I hope this has made it all clear for you! FDC is one of my favorite ways to start a project, especially when I don’t know how many stitches I’m going to need. Or when I making a neckline or cuff, or….

Thanks again for watching, and if you have any questions, comments, or ideas for videos you’d like to see, please let me know in the comments!

how to crochet foundation double crochet fdc video tutorialBe sure to check out and like the moogly Facebook page to get the latest updates, links, and sneak peeks! Moogly is also on Pinterest, Twitter, and Tumblr – come join the fun! You can contact me via Facebook messages or at

Print Friendly


  1. 2

    Jenny B says

    I just love this concept and I thank you for posting these video tutorials. I have a scarf pattern that I created and doing a Foundation Half Double Crochet makes the pattern work up much easier. I am hoping to sell my pattern on and I would like to ask permission to send my customers to your website for the tutorial on this stitch. Thank you for your help! -Hooked by Jenny

  2. 4

    Angel says

    When using FDC in a project with written pattern directions that call for a chain first, do I just ignore the chains I made at the beginning of FDC or do those chains count as my first dc as they do with most patterns.
    When I watch your video and you count at the end, 3 FDC, there looks like 4 stitches, because of the first chains. Would those chains count as the first dc when I work my next row?
    Thank you for all the work you do teaching.

    • 5

      moogly says

      Angel I would just follow the directions from the pattern and use whatever looks best in what you’re making. If the pattern uses the first few chains as a dc you could do that here too, or you might find that skipping it and working into the FDC looks better – there’s no hard and fast answers I’m afraid! I know that sounds like it’s frustrating, but think of it as liberating – you can always do what you think looks best, and it’s never “wrong”!

        • 7

          Angel says

          I did use the chains as the first DC. With my particular pattern, once the first row is made it is worked in the round. When my first round was worked it covered that chain and the last FDC.

  3. 8

    Angel says

    I will try it both ways.
    I have restarted my very long FDC several times this morning. I was having trouble with it wanting to twist, because the side that acts as the chain side had much more tension. After the forth start I tried pulling the loop that acts as the chain up a good bit before finishing with the dc. Now I have a flat FDC, but very stretchy.
    Do you foresee any problems with that? I am doing a mile a minute pattern and the FDC is the center of each strip.

    • 9

      moogly says

      I haven’t done any mile a minute patterns myself, so it’s hard for me to say for sure, but I can’t imagine it would cause trouble? It’s definitely a very stretchy stitch!

  4. 11

    Nicole says

    This has changed my life!!! I had never heard of this before and the worst part of crocheting for me is not so much making the chain but how long it takes for me to complete the first row. Thanks for the tutorial!

    • 12

      moogly says

      You’re very welcome Nicole! 😀 It’s a great technique – and one of the best things is the amount of stretch you get with it!

  5. 13


    Love the technique!

    I am currently working on a scarf that calls for
    DC, DC, CH 10, Skip 10 DC, DC,DC (4 times)

    I get the FDC but how do I then go on to chain the next 10?

    Or is it best to just do it the old fashioned way?


    • 14

      moogly says

      Thanks Patti! If the first row (after the chain) is what you typed out, then I don’t think fdc will work for you, unfortunately. It works best if the entire Row 1 of the pattern is a row of dc worked into the chains. I can’t think how you’d do this though, I’m sorry. One thing you could do is work as many FSC as you are supposed to make chains (minus the chains that give you the first dc or get you to the height for it). It will give you a more solid edge than a simple chain, but without seeing the pattern it’s hard for me to tell if that would be good or bad.

  6. 19


    Just wondering if I’d be able to use this if the first row contains increases and decreases? Is there anyway to do increases and decrease in a fdc?

    • 20

      Tamara Kelly says

      It’s easy to increase – just work a “regular” dc in the same base chain part as the previous fdc. For decreasing, when working the base chain, work the appropriate number of “extra” chains before starting the next actual fdc. I hope that makes sense!

      • 21

        Sara b says

        Hi. I just fell over this site and is hoping you’re still up and running. I have a pattern saying to do a FDC increase, and I looked everywhere but can’t find a video. I’m more visual … Is it possible for you to do a video on it?

        • 22

          Tamara Kelly says

          Hi Sara! Definitely still going strong. :) I can think of at least two ways to increase with FDC, but my best guess is that they mean that you should work the first of two fdc sts normally, then going into the bottom as you normally would, work a standard dc instead of an FDC. Then go into that same bottom stitch again and continue as you normally would. That’s just a guess based on what you said though!

  7. 23


    Thank you Tamara, for sharing. I am glad I found your blog. Your tutorials and videos have helped me to refine my crochet skills. Looking forward for more great things from you.

  8. 25

    Diana says

    Thank you so much! I not only like the idea of bypassing a row of chain stiches but the “stretchiness” of the edge! I think this will work very well arm & leg warmers I’m wanting to make for Christmas gifts. I found your page on Facebook & then your site, had no idea there was anything this helpful out there.
    Thank you again.

  9. 27


    I learn so much from you. Thanks for this tutorial. It is awesome! I just started your Cuddly Cat Scoodie for a Christmas gift. And, I learned a new stitch from you. This FDC is gonna save me time on future patterns, too. Thank you!

  10. 30

    Meegan says

    Trying, trying…my bottom is wonky. Is there any chance that you could post a picture when you’re about 10 stitches in? My head wants my work to be horizontal while I’m making the FDC, but the work is hanging down. I’d love to see a close up of a good start of this, with at least 10 FDC’s made. I am attempting the Eloise Sweater, and it’s never a good sign when step one flummoxes me.

    • 31

      Tamara Kelly says

      Hi Meegan – do you mean that the first row is curved, with the ends pointing down? This happens when the first chain of each stitch is a little too tight. When you make the FDC, make sure that the first chain of each stitch – the one that represents the foundation chain – is pulled up a bit higher or larger than normal. Additionally, a very slight curve will be straightened out when you work the second row.

      • 32

        Meegan says

        Oh, ok. Will make that correction on the foundation chain part. I wasn’t finding the “V”, but I practiced like a crazy woman and have the hang of it…at least it doesn’t look like popcorn anymore, lol! Started my sweater…boy this is quicker than knitting!
        Thank you very much! :)

  11. 35

    BARB says

    Moogly has come through for me again! I tried several sites and couldn’t figure them out. Your written instructions are very clear and easy to follow. Keep up the great work- I appreciate you!

  12. 38

    Mary says

    When making a certain number of Foundation Double Crochets, do you count the beginning ch 3? In the tutorial video, you did not. I’m am wondering how to handle this in the Eloise Baby Sweater because the instructions don’t mention it. Thanks for your help!

  13. 41

    MARY baribeau says

    I have a question on your pattern Sweater for Girls, it says to chain 43 then to do Foundation Double Crochet. This is confusing to me. Which do I do? I am making this for one of the little girls at my church. I’ve made 2 from different patterns but I wanted to switch up patterns. I would appreciate your response to this. I’m learning new stitches as I do crochet. This is a new stitch. I’ve learned how to do a half double crochet chainless foundation. I love learning new stitches. Thank you on advance for your help. I really love your patterns.

    • 42

      Tamara Kelly says

      Hi Mary! The Eloise Girls Sweater doesn’t include directions to chain. Perhaps you’re reading the stitch count at the end?

  14. 43

    Sherre twigg says

    Tamara, I just found your page this morning and have abandoned my latest John Grisham book (my original plan for the morning) because I watched one of your tutorials and then another and then, well… I am an hour and a half later. Your instructions are so clear, and your tutorial videos are easy to follow. I can’t wait to try some of the new stitches. My mother taught me to crochet 30 years ago and I’ve made some nice things, but this time spent on your site got me excited again about crochet. Well, maybe it’s a combination of your instructions and my brand new two week old granddaughter to make beautiful things for. Thank you SO much!

  15. 45

    Shannah says

    How would you join a foundationless chain to make an infinity scarf? I like the look and stretchiness of a foundationaless chain, but have not been able to figure out how to seamlessly join the beginning and end of the chain to work in the round. You can’t just use a slip stitch, as it only joins the top of the chain. I’m sure someone has likely figured this out, I just haven’t been able to find a tutorial.


  16. 47

    Andra says

    This is an amazing stitch! I can hardly wait to try it! Thank you for your video to share it with us!! Hugs from here… :)

  17. 49

    Sharon b says

    Tamara – you’re amazing! I am just now tackling foundation stitches after re-starting to crochet this past fall (after a 15 yr break). I read book instructions, a couple of sites & watched another video on this but it wasn’t until YOUR video that the one part that was confusing me them most (what loops of the chains to work under) was made clear. THANK YOU! I usually work under the back bump of starting chains too, all the sites would refer to the “ch” created in FDC but no one would talk about all the different loops as clearly as you do. I have been a fan of your designs & blog since I started crocheting again, you have really helped me get up to speed technique-wise! Just added you as a fave designer of mine on Ravelry (what took me so long??). Much appreciation & keep up the excellent work!

    • 50

      Tamara Kelly says

      Wow, thank you so much Sharon! I have to admit, foundation stitches always confused me too until one day it “clicked” for me what all the parts were doing! 😀

  18. 54

    Angela says

    I am so grateful for your blog. I learned to crochet watching YouTube videos, and your blog has done WONDERS in teaching me so much about fun stitches and patterns! This is an AWESOME blog ::-). And your foundation stitches have completely cuhanged the way I crochet!

  19. 56

    mere says

    I only recently realized you had your Eloise sweater in girls’ sizes, after a long time wishing I’d found the baby version in time to make for my niece. (I’m slowbrained sometimes.)

    I’d like to do skirt in linked double crochet because I love the way it looks and the more solid fabric it creates. I’m wondering if it’s possible to do foundation linked double crochet, because otherwise, the foundation row being unlinked while the rest is linked will really bother me. Of course, I’m doing this wondering when I have no yarn or hooks at hand for trial and error.

    Should it be possible to work the fdc as usual, except after the YO pull through one loop to make the chain part, go through the previous stitch instead of a YO to start the double crochet part?

  20. 59

    Sarah says

    I tried to watch the video but there was not one for the foundation double crochet and I just cannot figure out how to do it. What happen to your nice video I read so much about? Please could you post another one. Thank you so much.

  21. 61

    Arlene Green says

    Tamara, I’m working on a top that is done in rounds – and the base chain is 288 stitches. After trying twice to stop from twisting on the first DC row, I remembered your FDC tutorial – I’m now about to start my fourth row, all nice and straight because you helped!
    Thanks so much for this! Arlene Green

  22. 63

    Cathy S says

    I love using the foundation row, whether it’s single or double or whatever, and it’s made my crochet life much easier.

    I have a pattern that starts with a base chain, and requires double crochets for the first five stitches, then skip two stitches and put in two chains to replace them. Single crochet in the next chain, then chain two-skip two again. This pattern repeats across the first regular row.

    How can I switch to a no-chain foundation, but maintain the pattern? I’m at a loss as to how to accomplish this technique, but still keep the design. Please help!

    • 64

      Tamara Kelly says

      Hi Cathy! Sometimes foundation chains just won’t work for a first row. I can increase and decrease, but creating chains at both the top and bottom while using foundation stitches isn’t possible, as far as I know. I’d love to find out I’m wrong though!

  23. 65

    sharon perkins says

    son of a biscuit! That’s so easy!!! of course I’m going to watch it again with hook in hand so i can do the Moroccan market tote 😀

    thanks!! merci, gracias, danke!!!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>