After sharing how to work Foundation Single Crochet, Foundation Half Double Crochet, and Foundation Double Crochet, how to Join a Round of Foundation Stitches to Work in the Round, and how to Extend a Row with Foundation Stitches - I thought I had pretty well covered it all when it comes to foundation stitches! But a question on Facebook made me realize there was one topic I hadn't addressed just yet. So here's how to increase and decrease while working foundation stitches!
Disclaimer: This post includes affiliate links.
Right-Handed Increasing and Decreasing Tutorial
Left-Handed Increasing and Decreasing Tutorial
How to Increase and Decrease in Foundation Double Crochet Photo Tutorial
Both the video and photo tutorials were made using worsted weight yarn and a US-I, 5.5mm Furls Fiberarts hook! But of course, these stitches will work with any yarn and the appropriate hook.
Increasing and decreasing can be done with any height of foundation stitches - it's all about keeping it straight in your mind, which loop is the chain and which loop is the start of the stitch. That, and remembering what you'd do if you were working the stitches into a standard starting chain. I'm using FDC here because it's one of the more common versions, and lends itself well to the demonstration. So let's take it step by step.
When you are increasing, you're working two or more full stitches into the same chain stitch. So to do this in Foundation Double Crochet, you're going to work the first FDC as usual, and then work the stitches you are increasing by into the same "chain." When you work a normal FDC, you pull up one loop to act as the chain, and a second to act as the first loop of the dc. So the second dc is worked into the same "chain" as the first FDC - skip the first chain loop, and just work the stitch! That's it!
When you are decreasing, you're working two or more partial stitches across the same number of chains, and then finishing them all as one stitch. So to do this in FDC, you're going to pull up the chain loop, then pull up another loop to start the st, then yo and pull through 2 loops, leaving 2 loops on the hook. Then go back into the chain of the stitch just started, pull up another chain loop, pull up another loop to start the second stitch and then yo and pull through 2 loops, leaving 3 loops on the hook. Then if it's a dc3tog, as shown below, you'll do it all again till you have 3 sts started and 4 loops left on the hook... and then yo and pull through all 4 loops!
That's really all there is to it! Using these techniques you can even start a ripple pattern with foundation stitches - a notoriously difficult stitch pattern to get the chains right on.
I love using foundation stitches, because you never have to worry about counting out tiny chains. They won't work for every pattern, but I hope this helps you see how you too can use them more often! Even if you are supposed to chain between stitches, it's possible to use foundation stitches - just make the chains before you yarn over and go back into the "chain" at the bottom of the previous FDC.
If it's something you haven't seen done before, just try it! It's only yarn! And be sure to click on any of the links above for more info!
Thank you JORD Watches for sponsoring this tutorial video! To learn more about the watch I'm wearing in this video, click on the ad below!